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Datum: 03.12.2021

Zeit: 15:15–17:45 Uhr

Rhein-Main-Kolloquium Stochastik:

Freitag, 03.12.2021: Online via Zoom


Meeting ID: 934 4969 9353
Passcode: 828632

15:15-16:15: Nina Gantert (TU München)

16:15-16:45: (virtual) coffee break

16:45-17:45: Paolo Dai Pra (Università degli Studi di Verona)

Nina Gantert (TU München) Sharp concentration for the largest and smallest fragment in a k-regular self-similar fragmentation Abstract: We study the asymptotics of the k-regular self-similar fragmentation process. For α>0 and an integer k≥2, this is the Markov process (I_t)_{t≥0} in which each It is a union of open subsets of [0,1), and independently each subinterval of It of size u breaks into k equally sized pieces at rate u^α. Let k^{−mt} and k^{−Mt} be the respective sizes of the largest and smallest fragments in I_t. By relating (I_t)_{t≥0} to a branching random walk, we find that there exist explicit deterministic functions g(t) and h(t) such that |mt−g(t)|≤1 and |Mt−h(t)|≤1 for all sufficiently large t. Furthermore, for each n, we study the final time at which fragments of size k^{-n} exist. In particular, by relating our branching random walk to a certain point process, we show that, after suitable rescaling, the laws of these times converge to a Gumbel distribution as n→∞. Based on joint work with Piotr Dyszewski, Samuel G. G. Johnston, Joscha Prochno and Dominik Schmid

Paolo Dai Pra (Università degli Studi di Verona) Self-sustained oscillations in interacting systems: an overview and some recent advances Abstract: Self organized collective periodic behavior is seen to emerge in several different contexts: from neuroscience to tectonic plates movements, from population dynamics to epidemiology. A large variety of stochastic models have been proposed to capture this phenomenon at a mathematical level, showing that it may be induced by a combination of factors including noise, dissipation, loss of Markovianity and/or of time reversibility. Most of the present literature concerns mean-field models, where the thermodynamic limit is well understood at a dynamical level, and the emergence of oscillations can be seen from the macroscopic evolution equations. In models with short range interaction it is much harder to understand how self organization at microscopic level may produce large scale rhythms. Some partial results have been obtained for a non-reversible modification of the nearest neighbour Ising model.




Nina Gantert, Technische Universität München
Paolo Dai Pra, Università degli Studi di Verona


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